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Coop. soc. IL SOGNO Viale R.Margherita, 192 00198 - Roma Tel. 0685301758 Fax 0685301756 ilsogno@romeguide.it Aut. decr. n° 259-Regione Lazio del 03/05/1999
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Monumenti musei e zone archeologiche in Italia

MONUMENTS MUSEUMS ARCHAEOLOGICAL AREAS


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Underground Rome - Roma (Roma)

Domus Aurea, Vatican Necropolis, St. Clemente Undergrounds, Crypta Balbi, Staircase to Aracoeli Church, Roman Domus in the Caelius Hill, Grifi's House, Vigna Codini colombaria, The church of St. Prisca, The church St. Crisogono, Domiziano Stadium, Augustus Mausoleum, St. Sabine church, The Roman Houses of San Paolo alla Regola, Jewish Catacomb, Circus Maximus Mithreum

web page: http://www.romeguide.it/FILES/visite/under.html
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Basilica of Santa Croce - Firenze (Firenze)

The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church in Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce, about 800 metres south east of the Duomo. The site, when first chosen, was in marshland outside the city walls. It is the burial place of some of the most illustrious Italians, such as Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Foscolo, Gentile, Rossini, and Marconi, thus it is known also as the Temple of the Italian Glories (Tempio dell'Itale Glorie).

web page: http://www.operadisantacroce.it/

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Boboli Gardens - Firenze (Firenze)

Rising behind the Pitti Palace are the beautiful Boboli Gardens. They were originally designed for the Medici and are one of the earliest examples of the Italian Garden which later inspired those of many European courts. The gardens extend over a vast area forming an open-air museum with antique and Renaissance statues, grottoes and large fountains. Exploring its numerous and varied walks one is able to evoke the spirit of life at court and to enjoy the experience of a garden which continues to renew its natural cycle in keeping with the tradition of its past.

web page: http://www.firenzemusei.it/boboli/index.html
Piazza Pitti 1
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Bomarzo - The Park of Monsters - Bomarzo (Viterbo)

By the middle of the 16th century, Vicino Orsini created, in his estate at Bomarzo, a labyrinth of symbols, where << Ladies and Knights >> might look for what they most wanted and wonder till they got lost.
He populated the << sacred wood >> with monsters and tortoises, obelisks, nymphaums and giant statues. After Vicino Orsini's death nobody cared any longer for this jewel of mannerist art, that after centuries of oblivion has been saved and restored.
From official page.


web page: http://www.parcodeimostri.com/

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Castel del Monte - Andria (Bari)

Castel del Monte (Italian: Castle of the Mount) is a 13th century castle situated in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. It was built by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II some time between 1240 and 1250; it has been despoiled of its interior marbles and furnishings in subsequent centuries. It has neither a moat nor a drawbridge and may in fact never have been intended as a defensive fortress.

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Castellana Caves - Castellana Grotte (Bari)

40 Kms south-east of Bari, the busy, industrial and administrative capital of Apulia, lies the little town of Castellana whose origins go back even further than the 10th century. For a number of years now, the town has been called Castellana-Grotte and is the most important tourist attraction in Apulia, as well as one of the most famous in the whole of southern Italy. It owes its rapid and lucky notoriety to the discovery on January 23rd, 1938 of a vast system of natural underground caves. The Grottos of Castellana represent one of the most important series of natural underground caves in Italy and Europe, a reputation gained not only because of their size but above all for the spectacularity of the natural galleries and the prodigious wealth of crystalline concretions.

web page: http://www.grottedicastellana.it/en/index_eng.htm

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Certosa di Parma - Parma (Parma)

Certosa di Paradigna or Certosa di Parma is a Cistercian abbey now propriety of the University of Parma.
This Gothic building, constructed in May 1298 for Cardinal Gherardo Bianchi, has the shape of a Latin cross, and in the presbytery are frescoes by Baglione. The facade was made in XVIII century.
It was never a monastery (in fact belonged to the Cistercians of Chiaravalle della Colomba). Also known as the Abbazia di San Martino dei Bocci or Abbazia Cistercense di Valserena, begane popular thanks to the novel by Stendhal. Now is the university of the Centro Studi e Archivio della Comunicazione.


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Colosseum no queque - Roma (Roma)

The Colosseum is famous all over the world and, together with the She-wolf, is a symbol of Rome. Its name comes from the golden bronze colossus which Nero wanted to be built as his portrait: the real name of the monument is Flavius amphitheatre. It was built during the reign of Vespasiano and it was unveiled in 80 A.D. by Tito; the front is 50 mt [164 feet] high, the internal elliptical arena is 86x54 mt [282x177 feet]; the amphitheatre could lodge 50.000 spectators, it was covered with a huge curtain (velarium) to protect people from the sun.
A lot of spectators watched fighting among gladiators (munera): those called Reziari used to fight with nets and tridents, Sanniti with a short sword, Traci with shield and gladius; moreover there were fights with wild beasts (venationes) and christian martyrs till Costantino made Christianity the empire's official religion in 313 A.D.. Apparently the arena was even flooded to simulate sea-battles. The Colosseum has been restructured many times, because of fires, earthquakes and floods, up to Teodorico's reign, in the VI century, when it was no longer used.
In the late empire it was used for hunting, while in the Middle Ages it was transformed into one of Frangipane's family fortresses, and was even used as a source for materials and irrimediably despoiled: a lot of quarries had been closed and to make up for the lack of marble in the Middle Ages they used to take it from ancient monuments; the holes wich can still be seen on the stonework come from the plundering of the iron hooks which linked the stone blocks.
The Pope Benedetto XIV made the amphitheatre a holy place to commemorate christian martyrs who died here, and in 1700 the Colosseum was the site of the Via Crucis which still takes places there today.
The first works of restoration took place in 1800, when the Colosseum was covered by vegetation and the Roman ruins' charm was an attraction to a lot of tourists who came to Italy for the "grand tour". Even the basement underneath the arena came to light: in this area, in the past, all the necessary services for the games were stored and it was even supplied with a goods-lift.


web page: http://www.romeguide.it/monumenti/COLOSSEO/colosseoinformazioniing.htm

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Da Vinci's Last Supper - Milano (Milano)

In the refectory of the domenican convent adjoining the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, houses one of the world's most celebrated works: Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper".
Painted between 1494 and 1498 under the rule of Ludovico il Moro, Leonardo abandoning the traditional method of fresco painting, depicted the scene "a secco" on the wall of the refectory.


web page: http://www.cenacolovinciano.org/
Piazza S. Maria delle Grazie, 2
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Doge's Palace - Venezia (Venezia)

The Doge's Palace is a gothic palace in Venice. In Italian it is called the Palazzo Ducale di Venezia. The palace was the residence of the Doge of Venice.

web page: http://www.museiciviciveneziani.it/
Piazza San Marco
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Egyptian Museum - Torino (Torino)

The "Museo Egizio" was formally founded in 1824 with the acquisition by King Carlo Felice of a collection of 5,268 objects gathered by Bernardino Drovetti.
The site of the museum is the 17th century palace, built as a Jesuit school by the architect Guarino Guarini that in the 18th century passed to the Academy of Sciences.
The Ministry for Culture allowed the management and use of the collections for a period of thirty years to an appropriate foundation, the Fondazione Museo delle Antichità Egizie di Torino, whose shareholders include the Region of Piedmont, the Province of Turin, the City of Turin, the San Paolo and the CRT banking Foundations.


web page: http://www.museoegizio.it
Via Accademia delle Scienze, 6
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Florence's Duomo - Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore - Firenze (Firenze)

The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore is the cathedral church (Duomo) of Florence, Italy. The basilica is notable for its dome designed by Filippo Brunelleschi its exterior facing of polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white.

web page: http://www.duomofirenze.it/index-eng.htm
piazza duomo
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Fountain of the 99 Spouts - L'Aquila (L'Aquila)

Of the 99 Spouts Fountain is a fountain of L'Aquila.
It was erected in 1272 to designs by the architect Pentima Tancredi.
Composed of ninety-nine masks from which the water flows, according to tradition they represent the 99 castles who founded the city.


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Frasassi Caves - Genga (Ancona)

The hypogeum complex of the Frasassi Caves represents one of the most fascinating and majestic underground routes in the world. The tourist route, which is equipped and easy to access, lasts approximately 70 minutes and extends over 1.5 km.

web page: http://www.frasassi.com/index.php?l=2
Largo Leone XII, n 1
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Galleria degli Uffizi - Firenze (Firenze)

The Gallery is particularly famous for its sculptures by Michelangelo: the Prisoners, the St.Matthew and, especially, the statue of David which was transferred here, to the specially designed tribune, from Piazza della Signoria in 1873.
In the adjacent rooms, which were part of two former convents, important works of art were collected here in the 19th century from the Academy of Design, the Academy of Fine Arts and from suppressed convents.


web page: http://www.polomuseale.firenze.it/uffizi/
Via Ricasoli, 60
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Gardens of Ninfa - Ninfa (Latina)

The beautiful Gardens of Ninfa (Giardini di Ninfa) are located in the Lazio region of Italy, about 40 miles south-east of Rome. Known mostly to garden enthusiasts, Ninfa and its unique setting are still a fairly well-kept secret. Getting to Ninfa is a challenge, but the garden is worth the effort. Ninfa was a substantial town going back to the times of the Romans. However, during the Middle Ages the town was squabbled over, sacked, beset by malaria and eventually Ninfa was abandoned to the elements. A neglected part of the estate of the aristocratic Caetani family, Ninfa was left to slumber until the twentieth century when descendents transformed the town's ruins into a botanical garden. The last owner, Lelia Caetani, left the garden to a foundation who now run the site in conjunction with the WWF.

web page: http://www.fondazionecaetani.org
Doganella di Ninfa
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Giant Cave - Sgonico (Trieste)

Grotta Gigante also known as Riesengrotte or as Grotta di Brisciachi, is a giant cave on the Italian side of the Trieste Karst, in the municipality of Sgonico. Its central cavern is 107m high, 65m wide and 260m long putting it in the 1995 Guinness Book of Records as the world's largest tourist cave.

web page: http://www.grottagigante.it

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Giotto's bell tower - Firenze (Firenze)

Giotto's bell tower (campanile) stands on the Cathedral square (Piazza del Duomo) in Florence, Italy.
This bell tower is one of the showpieces of the Florentine gothic style. Standing isolated next to the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore and in front of the Baptistery of St. John, this splendid construction attracts the eye and the admiration of every art lover by its design, rich sculptural decorations and the many-coloured marble encrustations.
This slender structure stands on a square plan with a side of 14.45 meters (47.41 ft). It attains a height of 84.7 meters (277.9 ft) sustained by four polygonal buttresses at the corners. These four vertical lines are crossed by four horizontal lines, dividing the tower in five levels.


web page: http://www.duomofirenze.it/storia/campanile_eng.htm
piazza duomo
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Hadrian's Villa - Tivoli (Roma)

The Villa of the Emperor Hadrian (or Villa Adriana in Italian) at Tivoli, Italy, even in ruined condition is one of the most spectacular Roman gardens of which it is possible still to get a sense by visiting the site.

"Walking around it today, it is still possible to experience something of the variety of architectural forms and settings, and the skillful way in which Hadrian and his architect have contrived the meetings of the axes, the surprises that await the turning of a corner, and the vistas that open to view."

- Sir Banister Fletcher in his "History of Architecture"
Hadrian's Villa is an UNESCO World Heritage Site


web page: http://www.romeguide.it/MONUM/VILLE/villaadriana/villaadrianaeng.htm

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Marmore Falls - Terni (Terni)

Marmore Falls , with its astonishing beauty, comes into view as a roaring water column divided into 3 falls, covering a drop of 165 metres which wraps up the luxuriant vegetation into a cloud of white foam!
The breath-taking scenery is the result of over two thousand years of work by the part of man who, from the beginning of the Roman period, tried to canalize the waters of the Velino river to them flow into the Nera river.

From the Official page


web page: http://www.marmorefalls.it/indexen_GB.php

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Maschio Angioino - Napoli (Napoli)

Castel Nuovo (Italian: "New Castle"), often called Maschio Angioino, is a castle in the city of Naples, southern Italy. It is the main symbol of the architecture of the city.

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Maso Fratton - Valaia - Spormaggiore (Trento)

The area on the border of the Brenta Park, is divided into two fractions, called Maso Fratton andValaia, is frequented by surviving brown bears in Trentino. Fruit, corn and oats, after a general cleaning operated by local volunteers of the WWF, have returned to the original vigor.

web page: http://www.fondoambiente.it/beni/maso-fratton-valaia-.asp

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Mav - Museo Acheologico Virtuale - Ercolano (Napoli)

Not far from the archaeological site of Hercolaenum, you can find Mav - virtual archaeological Museum - and try the unique experience to see Hercolaenum before Vesuvio's eruption of 79 b.C.

web page: http://www.museomav.com
Via IV Novembre 44
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Milan Cathedral - Milano (Milano)

Milan Cathedral is the cathedral church of Milan in Lombardy, northern Italy.
The cathedral is significant in the promulgation of the Christian faith, for its role in the establishment of Catholic traditions of worship, its outstanding musical heritage and the splendour of its Gothic architecture.
Built from the late 14th well into the 19th century (and in a sense, never completed as work continues), the Duomo di Milano is one of the world's largest churches, being second in size within Italy only to Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, and being the second largest Gothic cathedral in the world, after the Cathedral of Seville in Spain.


web page: http://www.duomomilano.it/
Piazza del Duomo
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Museum of Capodimonte - Napoli (Napoli)

paintings from the 13th to the 18th centuries including major works by Simone Martini, Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, El Greco and many others. The museum is by far the best place to see paintings of the Neapolitan School, often under-appreciated by the wider world, with large holdings of Jusepe de Ribera, Luca Giordano, the Neapolitan Caravaggisti and many others (see list of works in the Galleria Nazionale di Capodimonte). Much of the ground floor is taken up by the magnificent Farnese collection of classical, mostly Roman, monumental sculpture, which survives here largely intact.

web page: http://www.museo-capodimonte.it
via Miano 2
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Necropolis of the Banditaccia - Cerveteri (Roma)

The most famous attraction of Cerveteri is the Necropoli della Banditaccia, which has been declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site together with the necropoleis in Tarquinia. It covers an area of 400 ha, of which 10 ha can be visited, encompassing a total of 1,000 tombs often housed in characteristic mounds. It is the largest ancient necropolis in the Mediterranean area. The name Banditaccia comes from the leasing (bando) of areas of land to the Cerveteri population by the local landowners.
The tombs date from the 9th century BC (Villanovan culture) to the late Etruscan age (3rd century BC).


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Neptune's Grotto - Alghero (Sassari)

Neptune's Grotto (Italian: Grotta di Nettuno) is a stalactite grotto near the town of Alghero on the island of Sardinia. The cave was discovered by local fishermen in the 18th century and has since developed into a popular tourist attraction. The grotto gets its name from the Roman god of the sea, Neptune.

web page: http://www.grottedinettuno.it/index_eng.htm

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Oratory of Gonfalone - Roma (Roma)

Many, in Rome and elsewhere, know the Oratorio del Gonfalone, which is one of the most evocative buildings and paintings of the second half of the sixteenth century.
In the Oratorio, "Associazione Amici del Gonfalone" and "Coro Polifonico Romano Gastone Tosato" organize every year a fine concert season. The painting, which decorates the walls of Oratorio Gonfalone in twelve episodes depicting the Passion of Christ begins with the entry into Jerusalem, continues with the Last Supper, the prayer in the Gethsemane garden, the Capture of Christ, Christ and Caiaphas, the Flagellation, the Crowning of Thorns, the Ecce Homo, the climb to Calvary, the Crucifixion and ends with the Resurrection.
The scenes are framed by a frame formed by architectural columns inspired by the columns of Basilica di San Pietro, who came, according to ancient legend, from the Temple of Solomon.
Guided tours by reservation

via del Gonfalone 32a
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Palace of Caserta - Caserta (Caserta)

The Palace of Caserta, in Italian Reggia di Caserta, is a former royal residence in Caserta, constructed for the Borbone kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and probably the largest building erected in Europe in the eighteenth century. In 1996, the Palace of Caserta was listed among the World Heritage Sites on the grounds that it was "the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space".The kingdom of Naples was neither powerful nor prosperous when Caserta was built, and it has been unflatteringly described by the historian Edward Crankshaw as "a colossal monument to minuscule glory" and a reviewer of George Hersey, Architecture, Poetry, and Number in the Royal Palace at Caserta, found that "interpretive description is palsied by monotony, the principal quality of the palace and its garden."

web page: http://reggiadicaserta.beniculturali.it/

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Palazzo Vecchio - Firenze (Firenze)

The Palazzo Vecchio (Italian for Old Palace) is the town hall of Florence, Italy. This massive, Romanesque, crenellated fortress-palace is among the most impressive town halls of Tuscany.
Overlooking the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo's David statue as well the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi, it is one of the most significant public places in Italy.
Originally called the Palazzo della Signoria, after the Signoria of Florence, the ruling body of the Republic of Florence, it was also given several other names: Palazzo del Popolo, Palazzo dei Priori, and Palazzo Ducale, in accordance with the varying use of the palace during its long history. The building acquired its current name when the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the Palazzo Pitti.


web page: http://www.comune.firenze.it/servizi_pubblici/arte/musei/a.htm
Piazza della Signoria
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Park of Veio - Campagnano Romano (Roma)

The regional park of Veio is located in the province of Rome and its territory forms a triangle bordered by the Via Flaminia to the east, the Via Cassia in the west and the Provinciale Campagnanese in the north. The territory covers the so-called Agro Veientano, dominated by the Etruscan city of Veii and features interesting historical, nature and landscape elements.
Via Felice Cavallotti 18
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Pompeii, Ercolano and Paestum - Pompei (Napoli)

By the 1st century AD, Pompeii was only one of a number of towns located around the base of Mount Vesuvius. The area had a substantial population which grew prosperous from the region's renowned agricultural fertility. Many of Pompeii's neighbouring communities, most famously Herculaneum, also suffered damage or destruction during the 79 AD eruption. The people of Pompeii were covered in up to twelve different layers of soil. Pliny the Younger provides a first-hand account of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius from his position across the Bay of Naples at Misenum.
After thick layers of ash covered the two towns, they were abandoned and eventually their names and locations were forgotten. Then Herculaneum was rediscovered in 1738 by workmen working on the foundation of a summer palace for the King of Naples, Charles of Bourbon, and Pompeii in 1748. These towns have since been excavated to reveal many intact buildings and wall paintings. The towns were actually found in 1599 by an architect named Fontana, who was digging a new course for the river Sarno, but it took more than 150 years before a serious campaign was started to unearth them. The king, Charles VII of Two Sicilies, took great interest in findings even after becoming king of Spain.
Karl Weber directed the first real excavations and he was followed in 1764 by the military engineer, Franscisco la Vega. Franscisco la Vega was succeeded by his brother, Pietro, in 1804.During the French occupation Pietro worked with Christophe Saliceti.
Giuseppe Fiorelli took charge of the excavations in 1860. During early excavations of the site, occasional voids in the ash layer had been found that contained human remains. It was Fiorelli who realised these were spaces left by the decomposed bodies and so devised the technique of injecting plaster into them to perfectly recreate the forms of Vesuvius's victims. What resulted were highly accurate and eerie forms of the doomed Pompeiani who failed to escape, in their last moment of life, with the expression of terror often quite clearly visible.
Some have theorized that Fontana found some of the famous erotic frescoes and, due to the strict modesty prevalent during his time, reburied them in an attempt at archaeological censorship. This view is bolstered by reports of later excavators who felt that sites they were working on had already been visited and reburied.


web page: http://www.pompeiisites.org

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Riace bronzes - Reggio Calabria (Reggio Calabria)

The Bronzi di Riace (Italian for "Riace bronzes") are two famous full-size Greek bronzes of nude bearded warriors, cast about 460 - 430 BC and currently housed by the Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia in Reggio Calabria, Italy. The Riace Warriors are respectively termed "A" and "B", whereas Riace Warrior A is thought to be a depiction of a younger man than that of Riace Warrior B. They were found by Stefano Mariottini,a Roman chemist on a scuba diving vacation at Monasterace, on August 16, 1972, perhaps at the site of a shipwreck, off the coast of Riace, near Reggio Calabria. They are major additions to the surviving examples of Greek sculpture. The statues' eyes are inlaid with bone and glass, while the teeth are in silver and lips and nipples are in copper. Formerly they held spears and shields.

web page: http://www.museonazionalerc.it/

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Rialto Bridge - Venezia (Venezia)

The Rialto Bridge (Italian: Ponte di Rialto) is one of the three bridges spanning the Grand Canal in Venice, Italy. It is the oldest bridge across the canal and probably the most famous in the city.
Canal Grande
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Rome - Roma (Roma)

Rome is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city, with 2,726,539[1] residents in an urban area of some 1,285.5 km2 (496.3 sq mi). It is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber river.
Rome's history as a city spans over two and a half thousand years, as one of the founding cities of Western Civilisation. It was the centre of the Roman Empire, which dominated Europe, North Africa and the Middle East for four hundred years from the 1st Century BC till the 4th Century AD. Rome has a significant place in the story of Christianity up to the present day as the home of the Roman Catholic Church and the site of the Vatican City, an independent city-state run by the Catholic Church within as an enclave of Rome.
As one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed, central Rome remains essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. Rome is the third-most-visited tourist destination in the European Union,and its historic centre is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


web page: http://www.romeguide.it/index2.php?pag=guided&m=menu

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ROME guided tours - Roma (Roma)

Look for our guided tours in our web page or contact us for a reservation Tel. +39 06.85301755 - Fax +39 06.85301756 - Email: gentiepaesi@romeguide.it

web page: http://www.gentiepaesi.it/vedimese.php?tipo=Visite
Via Adda, 111
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Royal Venaria - Torino (Torino)

The "Royal Venaria" of Amedeo di Castellamonte. In 1659 the grandiose project of the Duke Carlo Emanuele II came true by building a fixed abode for hunting (lett. Venatorial) in order to celebrate through the rituals of hunting the magnificence of the Duke. So he built this Palace as a design of the "delitie" of the 17th century and as a crown of Turin the capital. The work of Castellamonte, which began in 1659 and was ended in 1675, was an "unicum" and consisted of a Village, Royal Palace and Gardens and extended for an axis of 2 Km. The Village had in the center a quadrioval square which reproduced the "Collar of the order of Annunziata". The Royal Palace included two courts and had in the center the "Diana Room". Towards south west we can find the stables, kennels, orangerie, the "upper park of the deers" and, in front of the Village the Chapel of S.Rocco.

web page: http://www.reggiavenariareale.it/index_eng.htm

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San Giorgio Maggiore - Venezia (Venezia)

San Giorgio Maggiore is a basilica in Venice, Italy designed by Andrea Palladio and located on the island of San Giorgio Maggiore. Facing Saint Mark Basin, the church plays a central role in the panorama from the Piazzetta.
The first St George's church dates back to the 8-9th century. In 982 the whole island was donated to a Benedictine monk, who founded the adjacent monastery.
The present church was begun in 1566, and was not entirely finished before the death of Palladio in 1580. The façade was continued by Vincenzo Scamozzi based on the original architect's designs and completed in 1610. The church, sometimes designated as a basilica, is a prime example of Palladio's architectural style, and one of the finest churches he designed. The bell tower, first built in 1467, fell in 1774; the reconstruction was completed in 1791. The Benedictine monks still officiate in the church.

Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore
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Sassi di Matera - Matera (Matera)

This is the most outstanding, intact example of a troglodyte settlement in the Mediterranean region, perfectly adapted to its terrain and ecosystem. The first inhabited zone dates from the Palaeolithic, while later settlements illustrate a number of significant stages in human history. Matera is in the southern region of Basilicata.
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE


web page: http://www.sassidimatera.it/english/index.htm

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Sforza Castle - Milano (Milano)

Sforza Castle is a castle in Milan, Italy that now houses an art gallery. The original construction on the site began in the 14th century. In 1450, Francesco Sforza began reconstruction of the castle, and it was further modified by later generations. It currently houses an art collection which includes Michelangelo's last sculpture, the Rondanini Piet?, Andrea Mantegna's Trivulzio Madonna and Leonardo da Vinci's Codex Trivulzianus manuscript.

web page: http://www.milanocastello.it/ing/home.html
Piazza Castello
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SISTINE CHAPEL ONLY FOR GROUPS! - Roma (Roma)

AN EXCLUSIVE GUIDED TOUR TO THE SISTINE CHAPEL ONLY FOR A GROUP OF 50 PEOPLE.
RESERVATIONS WITHIN 1 MONTH IN ADVANCE (Bookings only for groups - not for individuals)


web page: http://www.romeguide.it/Sistina/Index_eng.htm

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St Mark's Basilica - Venezia (Venezia)

St Mark's Basilica (Italian: Basilica di San Marco a Venezia), the cathedral of Venice, is the most famous of the city's churches and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. It lies on St Mark's Square (in the San Marco sestiere or district) adjacent and connected to the Doge's Palace. Originally it was the 'chapel' of the Venetian rulers, and not the city's cathedral. Since 1807 it has been the seat of the Patriarch of Venice, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice. For its opulent design, gilded Byzantine mosaics, and its status as a symbol of Venetian wealth and power, from the 11th century on the building was known by the nickname Chiesa d'Oro (Church of gold).

web page: http://www.basilicasanmarco.it/
Piazza San Marco
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The necropolises of Tarquinia - Tarquinia (Viterbo)

The necropolises of Tarquinia and Cerveteri are masterpieces of creative genius: Tarquinia's large-scale wall paintings are exceptional both for their formal qualities and for their content, which reveal aspects of life, death, and religious beliefs of the ancient Etruscans. Cerveteri shows in a funerary context the same town planning and architectural schemes used in an ancient city.

web page: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1158

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Toirano Caves - Toirano (Savona)

Toirano Caves in the province of Savona, is a complex of karst cavities of tourist importance, particularly known for the variety of forms of stalactites and stalagmites, for their extension, for the discovery of traces of homo sapiens by more than 12,000 years ago and remains of ursus spelaeus approximately 25,000 years ago.

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Tower of Pisa - Pisa (Pisa)

The Leaning Tower of Pisa (Italian: Torre pendente di Pisa) or simply The Tower of Pisa (La Torre di Pisa) is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa. It is situated behind the Cathedral and it is the third structure in Pisa's Campo dei Miracoli (field of Miracles).
Although intended to stand vertically, the tower began leaning to the southeast soon after the onset of construction in 1173 due to a poorly laid foundation and loose substrate that has allowed the foundation to shift direction.
The height of the tower is 55.86 m (183.27 ft) from the ground on the lowest side and 56.70 m (186.02 ft) on the highest side. The width of the walls at the base is 4.09 m (13.42 ft) and at the top 2.48 m (8.14 ft). Its weight is estimated at 14,500 tonnes. The tower has 294 steps. The tower leans at an angle of 5.5 degrees. This may not seem a lot, but this means that the tower is 4.5 metres from where it used to stand vertically.


web page: http://torre.duomo.pisa.it/index_eng.html

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Trevi Fountain - Roma (Roma)

This is the most imposing, scenographic and artistically worthy of all fountains not only in Rome. When, at the beginning of 1730, Pope Clemente XII decided to substitute the beautiful fountian designed by Leon Battista Alberti in 1453 with one of imposing majesty, he invited the best artists of that time to present their projects. Nicola Salvi was chosen and work was begun in 1735 and concluded under the papacy of Clamente VIII Rezzonico. The fountain was inaugurated on the 22nd May 176. It covers the whole of one side of Piazza Poli being 20 metres wide and 26 metres high. The Coat-of-arms of Clemente XII carved by Paolo Benaglia is placed at the top, four statues by the sculptors Corsini, Ludovisi, Pincellotti and Queirolo symbolise the four seasons are on the balustrade. In the centre is a coach in the form of a shell pulled by two sea-horses driven by two tritons from which a majestic statue representing the Ocean emerges. The whole group was carved in marble by Pietro Bracci. To the side of the niches is the "Salubrity" on the right and "Abundance" on the left, both works by Filippo Valle. Above these two sculptures is a bas-relief by Giovan Battista Grossi and Andrea Bergondi, reminding one of the legend of Agrippa who approved the project of the aqueduct to that of the virgin who indicates the source to thirsty soldiers. The large basin built on street level symbolises the sea and it is here that tourists throw their coins to wish themselves a pleasant return to the Eternal City. Legend tells that, in order to block the view of work from an excessively critical barber, the architect Salvi placed a large and heavy travertine vase, ironically similar to a soap-dish, immediately in front of the barber's shop. The external left side holds the "Fountain of the Lovers", a simple rectangular basin which receives water from a small pipe.

web page: http://www.romeguide.it/monumenti/fontane/index_eng.htm

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Trinità dei Monti - Roma (Roma)

Trinità dei Monti (more completely Santissima Trinità al Monte Pincio or Holy Trinit on Pincio Hill) is a famous church in Rome. It is best known for its scenographic dominance above the Spanish Steps that descend into the Piazza di Spagna.

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Valley of the Temples - Agrigento (Agrigento)

Valley of the Temples is an archaeological site in Agrigento (ancient Greek Akragas), Sicily, southern Italy. It is one of the most outstanding example of Greater Greece art and architecture, and is one of the main attraction of Sicily as well as a national monument of Italy. The area was included in the UNESCO Heritage Site list in 1997. Much of the excavation and restoration of the temples was due to the efforts of archaeologist Domenico Antonio Lo Faso Pietrasanta (1783-1863), who was the Duke of Serradifalco from 1809 through 1812.
The term "valley" is a misnomer, the site being located on a ridge outside the town of Agrigento.


web page: http://www.comune.agrigento.it/

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Vatican Gardens - Roma (Roma)

The circle of walls built by Leo IV in .the mid-ninth century formed the eastern, bulwark of the populus suburb that grew up between the Tiber and St.Peter's, and that spread out behind the basilica,. along the top of the Mons Vaticanus, which formed western and southwestern boundary. How the hilly area between the apse and the walls, today a garden, was organized in the Middle Ages, is unknown. It certainly was not built upon, and it probably was largely uncultivated. It may have been just this possibility of having a large garden (or more precisely, a protected cultivated area) which induced the Pope to built the residence in the Vatican. For this purpose he acquired the hill, today occupied by the Cortile di San Damaso and the palace of the Sixtus V, and the entire valley (which was later made over to form the Cortile del Belvedere and Cortile della Pigna) up to the outer slope of Mons Sancti Egidi (the hill atop which Innocent VIII would build the palazzetto del Belvedere at the end of the fifteenth century) extending the area of the Vatican to its natural boundaries on the north and north-west. To protect his new acquisitions Nicholas built a sturdy circle of walls that joined up with the fortified enceinte of Leo IV. He brought water to the area, arid planted vines and fruit trees on the site of teh present Belvedere and pigna courtyards. The slopes to the west remained wooded.

web page: http://www.romeguide.it/VATICANO/gardens1/gardens.htm

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Vatican Museum - Roma (Roma)

The founding of the Vatican Museums can be traced back to 1503 when the newly- elected Pope, Julius II Della Rovere, placed a statue of Apollo in the internal courtyard of the Belvedere Palace built by Innocent VIII; he brought the statue from the garden of his titular church of st. Peter in Chains. In 1506 the Laocoon was added to the collection, after its discovery on the Esquiline Hill before the eyes of Giuliano da Sangallo and Michelangelo Buonarotti. Scores of artifacts were added throughout the next two centuries and the collections were eventually reorganized under Benedict XIV (1740-1758) and Clement XIII (1758-1769). They founded the Apostolic Library Museums: the Sacred (Museo Sacro - 1756) and the Profane (Museo Profano - 1767) Museum.

web page: http://www.romeguide.it/VATICANO/museums_and_chapel.htm

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Villa d' Este - Tivoli (Roma)

The Villa d'Este is a villa situated at Tivoli, near Rome. Listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, it is a masterpiece of Italian architecture and especially garden design.

web page: http://www.villadestetivoli.info/

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Villa Gregoriana garden - Tivoli (Roma)

The park "Villa Gregoriana" is located on the left side of the great Aniene river's waterfall , in the so-called"baratri tiburtini", immediately below the ancient acropolis of Tivoli, which is dominated by the famous temples of Vesta and the Sibyl. These, though just outside the perimeter of the villa, can no doubt be among the archaeological heritage of the park. The fame of the place, dating TO ANTIQUITY, is attested by numerous literary quotations, including the verses of "Odes" of Horace and the passage of the "Sylva" of Stazio describing the Roman Villa of Manlio Volpiano, whose remains are located inside the park "Villa Gregoriana." Numerous pictorial representations of the rock of Acropolis with temples, and skip of Aniene testimony to the reputation of the place that was never less and which reached its peak between the eighteenth and nineteenth century. In this period it became the place preferred destination and also forced many of the travelers of the Grand Tour Addison in 1705 noted that "the painters were often in Tivoli from Rome to study the landscape of Tivoli"

web page: http://www.villagregoriana.it

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