This tiny ancient European State, whose earliest statutes date back to 1263, was recognized by Napoleon in 1797 and by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. San Marino maintains diplomatic and consular relations with a number of European and American countries, mints its own coins, issues its own postage stamps and grants honours of merit. Legislative power is exercised by the Grand Council of 60 members and the executive by a State Congress divided into ministries, renewed with each legislature. The Capitani Reggenti have a representative mandate and are elected twice yearly, in April and October.
Surface: 60.57 sq.km.
Population: 19,149 (1976 census), 21,240 (1982 estimate), of which 4,344 in San Marino, the capital, on Mount Titano, the remainder living in various small localities. Some 20,000 San Marino citizens live abroad.
Language: Italian (the local dialect is Romagnolo).
Religion: Roman Catholic (diocese of San Marino-Montefeltro).
Economic resources: Agriculture (wheat, wine), industry and tourism (3,500,000 tourists in 1980). Vehicles: 16,085 (1984), of which 14,794 are cars. Currency: Italian lira.